Garlic is taken as a spice which is related to the species in the onion genus, Allium. It is closely related to genus the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo. Garlic has become native to central Asia and has been a staple in the Mediterranean. Garlic is given scientific name Allium sativum. It is a bulbous plant that grows up to 1.2m in height. Garlic is known for both culinary and medicinal purpose as it produces hermaphrodite flowers. Garlic is easy to grow and can be grown yearly in mild climates. While sexual propagation of garlic is possible but all of garlic is cultivated asexually by planting individual cloves in the ground.
There are various health benefits of Garlic. It is itself a spice and beside it, it has so many medicinal purposes. It helps to control bacterial, viral, fungal, yeast and worm infection. Fresh garlic plays an important role in preventing food poisoning by bacteria called E.coli, Salmonella enteritides. It helps to treat fungal skin infection. Garlic helps to treat the ringworm and hookworms as there is chemical Ajoene found in garlic. Garlic helps to reduce blood pressure as it has the angiotensin II, a protein that helps blood vessels contract thereby increasing the blood pressure. Hydrogen sulphide even helps to dilute the blood vessels and helps to reduce high blood pressure. Garlic is also used as anti-clotting as it has Ajoene which help to prevent the formation of blood clots. It helps in protecting our heart against cardiovascular problems like heart attacks and atherosclerosis.
Moreover, garlic is known to have anti-inflammatory property. It is also taken as the remedy for respiratory problems. The use of garlic helps to make the body warm and the number of colds and cough can be reduced. It is even beneficial if one is having throat irritations. It increases insulin release and regulates blood sugar level in diabetics. It helps in lowering the risk of most type of cancer. The crushed garlic can be put directly to the affected tooth as it helps to reduce the toothache due to anti bacterial property. It helps to reduce the weight too.
Additionally, the garlic can be used for aesthetic purpose. The garlic is used for controlling loss of hair. Similarly, when one uses it for loss of hair treatment, he/she should use it by slicing the cloves into two halves and rub them in the scalp. In such way, the rate of falling hair is reduced. Similarly, the garlic is best for nausea, snakebites reduce the cholesterol, helps in high blood pressure.
In a nutshell, these are the various health benefits of garlic. If one takes garlic on daily basis, it will be beneficial not only to add the flavor of the food but one can also get medicinal help if used correctly. As garlic is taken as the culinary matter to add the taste of the food, but it can be also taken for the medicinal purpose. So far, it can be also taken for aesthetic purposes.